Pigmentation . Melasma Management

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

pigBEFpigAFT                          before                         After                                                

Hyperpigmentation:

Hyperpigmentation is a common condition in which patches of skin become darker in color. This darkening occurs when an excess of melanin  forms deposits in the skin. Hyperpigmentation can affect the skin of any race.
Age or "liver" spots are a common form of hyperpigmentation. They occur due to sun damage, and are referred to as solar lentigines. They are usually found on the hands and face or other areas frequently exposed to the sun.

Melasma:

Melasma or chloasma spots are similar in appearance to age spots but are larger areas of darkened skin that appear as a result of hormonal changes. Pregnancy  can trigger overproduction of melanin that causes the "mask of pregnancy" on the face and darkened skin on the abdomen and other areas. Birth control pills may also cause hyperpigmentation because they trigger similar kind of hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy.

Outside causes of hyperpigmentation:

Pigmentation Types

  • Asge Spots
  • Melasma
  • Freckles
  • Sun Effect
Age Spots: Liver spots, also called lentigines or age spots, are sharply defined, rounded, brown or black, flat patches of skin. The epidermis (top surface layer) is expanding with more pigment, developing what looks like a large freckle. One may appear by itself, or as a few clustered together.
Melasma: Melasma are larger areas of darkened skin that appear most often as a result of hormonal changes. Pregnancy can trigger overproduction of melanin that causes the "mask of pregnancy" on the face and darkened skin on the abdomen and other areas. Women who take birth control pills may also develop hyperpigmentation
Freckles: Freckles can be found on anyone no matter their genetic background; however, having freckles is genetic. The formation of freckles is triggered by exposure to sunlight and UV-B rays that activate melanocytes to increase melanin production, which can cause freckles to become darker. Freckles are predominantly found on the face, although they may appear on any other area.
Many women and men notice uneven coloration of facial skin as the years pass. There may be large areas of discoloration or scattered splotches and blotches. It may be more pronounced over the lip or the cheeks. Sun exposure and genetics are major contributors

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